Deaths (thousands)

Indicator name
(English / Spanish)
Deaths (thousands)
Defunciones (en miles)
Indicator ID Deaths_Est_Num_1000
Domain Sociodemographic
Subdomain Demographic
Definition

Average number of deaths in a specific year, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, generally estimated mid-year.

Unit Thousands
Measure Absolute magnitude
Type of statistics Corrected/Predicted
Purpose

The number of deaths allows to quantify the magnitude of deaths in a given country, territory or geographic area. It is used to estimate the crude death rate. When disaggregating by age or sex, it allows estimating the mortality rate according to age group and the mortality rate according to sex.

Method of estimation

For countries with a population greater than 90 thousand inhabitants, the figures are estimates from the United Nations, based on data that represent values estimated as of July 1st, obtained by linear interpolation of the corresponding five-year population projections of the United Nations, using the medium-variant projections.

For countries with less than 90 thousand inhabitants, the figures are estimates from the US Census Bureau International Database. The US Census Bureau population projections are based on the cohort component method.

Interpretation example

In country A were a total of 29 400 deaths during 2018.

Disaggregation  
Limitations

The international comparability of this indicator may be affected by the periodicity in the application of population censuses and demographic surveys. Population censuses are generally carried out every 10 years and surveys have a frequency that varies between different countries, and the sampling error also influences them. The value of the indicator also depends on whether the coverage of the national civil registration system is adequate (greater than 90%), whether deaths are registered in the system in a timely manner, and the integrity of the registry.

Estimated figures of this indicator may differ from national statistics due to factors such as methodological differences, for example, to produce population estimates and projections.

As the number of deaths in a given population is affected by the age structure of the population, this indicator should not be used to make comparisons between different populations or in the same population over time.

Data source

For countries with a population greater than 90 thousand inhabitants:
United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects. Available in:United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects. Available from: https://population.un.org/wpp/

For countries with a population of less than 90 thousand inhabitants:
Census Bureau of the United States of America. International database. Available from: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/international-programs/about/idb.html

PAHO update periodicity Annual
Link to SDG

n/a

References
PAHO Contact Andrea Gerger, gergeran@paho.org
Update date August 13, 2021