Technical Specifications: Crude death rate (1 000 pop.)

Indicator name
(English / Spanish)
Crude death rate (1 000 pop.)
Tasa bruta de mortalidad (1 000 habs.)
Indicator ID CDR_1000
Domain Sociodemographic
Subdomain Demographic
Definition

The quotient between the number of deaths in a population over a given period and the total population over that period.

Unit Per 1 000 pop.
Measure Rate
Type of statistics Corrected/Predicted
Purpose

The indicator reflects the health status and socioeconomic or environmental conditions of a population, so it can be applied to design and evaluate health policies. It encourages research on the causes of death and the predominant risk factors to implement specific preventive and control strategies. The crude death rate allows identifying the populations in vulnerable situations and targeting interventions.

By standardizing according to a reference population, it allows the analysis of temporal and geographical trends in mortality and comparisons between different populations and in the same population over time.

The rate allows the estimation of the natural or vegetative population growth, which corresponds to the difference between births and deaths and is calculated by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate.

Method of estimation

For countries with a population greater than 90 thousand inhabitants, the figures are estimates from the United Nations, based on data that represent values estimated as of July 1st, obtained by linear interpolation of the corresponding five-year population projections of the United Nations, using the medium-variant projections.

For countries with less than 90 thousand inhabitants, the figures are estimates from the US Census Bureau International Database. The US Census Bureau population projections are based on the cohort component method.

Interpretation example

The crude death rate in country A in 2016 was 5.9 per 1 000 inhabitants. In this country, six people per 1 000 inhabitants died in 2016.

Disaggregation  
Limitations

The international comparability of this indicator may be affected by the periodicity in the application of population censuses and demographic surveys. Population censuses are generally carried out every 10 years and surveys have a frequency that varies between different countries, and the sampling error also influences them. The value of the indicator also depends on whether the coverage of the national civil registration system is adequate (greater than 90%), whether deaths are registered in the system in a timely manner, and the integrity of the registry.

Estimated figures of this indicator may differ from the statistics made by countries due to factors such as methodological differences, for example, to produce population estimates and projections.

The crude mortality rate is affected by the age structure of the population, therefore, to assess temporal trends or to compare rates between countries or geographic areas, rates should be standardized with a reference population.

Data source

For countries with a population greater than 90 thousand inhabitants:
United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects. Available in:United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects. Available from: https://population.un.org/wpp/

For countries with a population of less than 90 thousand inhabitants:
Census Bureau of the United States of America. International database. Available from: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/international-programs/about/idb.html

PAHO update periodicity Annual
Link to SDG

n/a

References
PAHO Contact Andrea Gerger, gergeran@paho.org
Update date August 13, 2021